Install LAMP on Vagrant for Web Development

Install LAMP on Vagrant for Web Development is a post written after the best tut on it was updated to “Install WordPress Dev Sites on Vagrant with Variable VVV” on “the coolest Guide on Planet“. IMHO the VVV is a overkill and not required by most developers further the learning curve is steep.

Install VirtualBox-Vagrant:Vagrantfilebootstrap.shRun First TimeMore Steps..Few More Steps..Enable Virtual Server: Virtual BoxWeb DevelopmentInstall WorpressMore Steps..Install WP-CLIFinish WP Installation
Step 1: Install VirtualBox: https://www.virtualbox.org/
Step 2: Download and InstallVagrant” I use the “MAC OS X Universal (32 and 64-bit).
Step 3: Create a Directory where you would want to keep the development web pages. in my example ( you can use the finder also )

~ tsk$ > cd Sites
~ Sites tsk$ > mkdir mywebdev
~ Sites tsk$ > cd mywebdev
~ mywebdev tsk$ >
Step 4: Create a File “Vagrantfile” using “textwrangler” edit the same as follows

# -*- mode: ruby -*-
# vi: set ft=ruby :

# All Vagrant configuration is done below. The "2" in Vagrant.configure
# configures the configuration version (we support older styles for
# backwards compatibility). Please don't change it unless you know what
# you're doing.
Vagrant.configure(2) do |config|
  # The most common configuration options are documented and commented below.
  # For a complete reference, please see the online documentation at
  # https://docs.vagrantup.com.
  config.vm.provision "fix-no-tty", type: "shell" do |s|
    s.privileged = false
    s.inline = "sudo sed -i '/tty/!s/mesg n/tty -s \\&\\& mesg n/' /root/.profile"
  end

  # config.vm.hostname = "wpDevBox"
  # Every Vagrant development environment requires a box. You can search for
  # boxes at https://atlas.hashicorp.com/search.
  config.vm.box = "hashicorp/precise64"
  config.vm.provision :shell, path: "bootstrap.sh"
  
  # Disable automatic box update checking. If you disable this, then
  # boxes will only be checked for updates when the user runs
  # `vagrant box outdated`. This is not recommended.
  # config.vm.box_check_update = false

  # Create a forwarded port mapping which allows access to a specific port
  # within the machine from a port on the host machine. In the example below,
  # accessing "localhost:8080" will access port 80 on the guest machine.
  # config.vm.network "forwarded_port", guest: 80, host: 8080
  config.vm.network :forwarded_port, guest: 80, host: 8080, auto_correct: true

  # Create a private network, which allows host-only access to the machine
  # using a specific IP.
  # config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "192.168.33.10"
  config.vm.network :private_network, ip: "192.168.10.10"

  # Create a public network, which generally matched to bridged network.
  # Bridged networks make the machine appear as another physical device on
  # your network.
  # config.vm.network "public_network"

  # Share an additional folder to the guest VM. The first argument is
  # the path on the host to the actual folder. The second argument is
  # the path on the guest to mount the folder. And the optional third
  # argument is a set of non-required options.
  # config.vm.synced_folder "../data", "/vagrant_data"

  # Provider-specific configuration so you can fine-tune various
  # backing providers for Vagrant. These expose provider-specific options.
  # Example for VirtualBox:
  #
  # config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
  #   # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
  #   vb.gui = true
  #
  #   # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
  #   vb.memory = "1024"
  # end
  #
  # View the documentation for the provider you are using for more
  # information on available options.

  config.vm.provider "virtualbox" do |vb|
  # Display the VirtualBox GUI when booting the machine
  #   vb.gui = true
  #
  # Customize the amount of memory on the VM:
     vb.memory = "1024"
  # Customize the Name of the VM:
     vb.name = "wpLAMP"
  end  
end
Step 5: Create a File “bootstrap.sh” which will be used by Vagrant to create the Virtual Machine

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# Use single quotes instead of double quotes to make it work with special-character passwords
PASSWORD='root'
# PROJECTFOLDER='tsktech'

# Updating repository
apt-get update

# Installing Apache
sudo apt-get install -y apache2

# Installing MySQL and it's dependencies, Also, setting up root password for MySQL as it will prompt to enter the password during installation

sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "mysql-server-5.5 mysql-server/root_password password $PASSWORD"
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "mysql-server-5.5 mysql-server/root_password_again password $PASSWORD"
sudo apt-get -y install mysql-server libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql

# Installing PHP and it's dependencies
sudo apt-get -y install php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt

# install phpmyadmin and give password(s) to installer
# for simplicity I'm using the same password for mysql and phpmyadmin
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "phpmyadmin phpmyadmin/dbconfig-install boolean true"
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "phpmyadmin phpmyadmin/app-password-confirm password $PASSWORD"
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "phpmyadmin phpmyadmin/mysql/admin-pass password $PASSWORD"
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "phpmyadmin phpmyadmin/mysql/app-pass password $PASSWORD"
sudo debconf-set-selections <<< "phpmyadmin phpmyadmin/reconfigure-webserver multiselect apache2"
sudo apt-get -y install phpmyadmin

# clean /var/www
# sudo rm -Rf /var/www
# symlink /var/www => /vagrant
# ln -s /vagrant /var/www
if ! [ -L /var/www ]; then
  rm -rf /var/www
  ln -fs /vagrant /var/www
fi

Step 6: execute “Vagrant Up”

~ tsk$ > cd Sites
~ Sites tsk$ > cd mywebdev
~ mywebdev tsk$ > vagrant up

it will take some time to install the dependency and the files as detailed in bootstrap.sh.

==> default: dbconfig-common: flushing administrative password
==> default: * Reloading web server config apache2
==> default: apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.1.1 for ServerName
==> default: ...done.
==> default: Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
==> default: ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
mywebdev tsk$ >

Step 7: execute the following

mywebdev tsk$ > vagrant ssh
Welcome to Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (GNU/Linux 3.2.0-23-generic x86_64)

 * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com/
New release '14.04.3 LTS' available.
Run 'do-release-upgrade' to upgrade to it.

Welcome to your Vagrant-built virtual machine.
Last login: Fri Sep 14 06:23:18 2012 from 10.0.2.2
vagrant@wpDevBox:~$

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ mkdir /var/www/myblog

Step 8: execute the following

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/default /etc/apache2/sites-available/myblog.conf
vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/myblog.conf

Step 9: edit the myblog.conf as follows

<VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerAdmin your_email_iD@gmail.com
        ServerName  myblog.local
        ServerAlias www.myblog.local
        DocumentRoot /var/www/myblog

        # <Directory />
        #       Options FollowSymLinks
        #       AllowOverride None
        # </Directory>
        <Directory /var/www/myblog/>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>

        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

</VirtualHost>

Step 10: Execute the following to enable the virtual server

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ sudo a2ensite myblog.conf
Enabling site myblog.conf.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
  service apache2 reload

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ sudo service apache2 restart
 * Restarting web server apache2                                                apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.1.1 for ServerName
 ... waiting apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 127.0.1.1 for ServerName
                                                                     [ OK ]

that’s it.. you have VirtualBox running with the following installed  “apache2, php5, phpmyadmin & mysql”. you can access the VB on the http://192.168.10.10

If you want to access the webpage http://myblog.local instead of http://192.168.10.10 then we have to edit the hosts file on the macbook

~ tsk$ sudo nano /etc/hosts
##
# Host Database
#
# localhost is used to configure the loopback interface
# when the system is booting.  Do not change this entry.
##
127.0.0.1       localhost
255.255.255.255 broadcasthost
::1             localhost

192.168.10.10   myblog.local  www.myblog.local

Note: to stop the VB use “Vagrant Halt” and start”Vagrant Up” to VB use “Vagrant Destroy”

Your Web Pages should be in Users/yourName/Sites/mywebdev/myblog

We are developing a blog site hence we have to install “WordPress” the easiest way is using “wp-cli

Step 11: Execute the following

~ tsk$ > cd Sites/mywebdev/
mywebdev tsk$ > vagrant up
Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
==> default: Checking if box 'hashicorp/precise64' is up to date...
==> default: Clearing any previously set forwarded ports...
==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
    default: Adapter 1: nat
    default: Adapter 2: hostonly
==> default: Forwarding ports...
    default: 80 => 8080 (adapter 1)
    default: 22 => 2222 (adapter 1)
==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations...
==> default: Booting VM...
==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
    default: SSH address: 127.0.0.1:2222
    default: SSH username: vagrant
    default: SSH auth method: private key
    default: Warning: Connection timeout. Retrying...
==> default: Machine booted and ready!
GuestAdditions 5.0.10 running --- OK.
==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
==> default: Checking for host entries
==> default: adding to (/etc/hosts) : 192.168.10.10  wpDevBox  # VAGRANT: 32615fd58941c9765898b20118e21325 (default) / b353eae8-e87f-4df5-8a9b-54f7871ba8fe
==> default: Setting hostname...
==> default: Configuring and enabling network interfaces...
==> default: Mounting shared folders...
    default: /vagrant => /Users/tsk/Sites/mywebdev
==> default: Machine already provisioned. Run `vagrant provision` or use the `--provision`
==> default: flag to force provisioning. Provisioners marked to run always will still run.
mywebdev tsk$ > vagrant ssh

Step 11.2: next execute the following

vagrant@wpDevBox: sudo apt-get install curl
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
  libcurl3
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  curl libcurl3
0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 186 not upgraded.
Need to get 374 kB of archives.
After this operation, 913 kB of additional disk space will be used.

Do you want to continue [Y/n]? Y

Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main libcurl3 amd64 7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14 [236 kB]
Get:2 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates/main curl amd64 7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14 [138 kB]
Fetched 374 kB in 1s (195 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package libcurl3.
(Reading database ... 75628 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking libcurl3 (from .../libcurl3_7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14_amd64.deb) ...
Selecting previously unselected package curl.
Unpacking curl (from .../curl_7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14_amd64.deb) ...
Processing triggers for man-db ...
Setting up libcurl3 (7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14) ...
Setting up curl (7.22.0-3ubuntu4.14) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place<br>

Step 11.2: now let’s install wp-cli

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/wp-cli/builds/gh-pages/phar/wp-cli.phar
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100 1410k  100 1410k    0     0   253k      0  0:00:05  0:00:05 --:--:--  402k

Step 11.3: check if wp-cli is installed

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ php wp-cli.phar --info
PHP binary:	php
PHP version:	5.3.10-1ubuntu3.21
php.ini used:	/etc/php5/cli/php.ini
WP-CLI root dir:	phar://wp-cli.phar
WP-CLI global config:
WP-CLI project config:
WP-CLI version:	0.21.0

Step 11.4: now to execute the following so that we can use “wp” instead of “php wp-cli.phar”

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ chmod +x wp-cli.phar
vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ sudo mv wp-cli.phar /usr/local/bin/wp

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ wp --info
PHP binary:	php
PHP version:	5.3.10-1ubuntu3.21
php.ini used:	/etc/php5/cli/php.ini
WP-CLI root dir:	phar://wp-cli.phar
WP-CLI global config:
WP-CLI project config:
WP-CLI version:	0.21.0
vagrant@wpDevBox:~$

Step 12: Now we are ready to install the WordPress. Execute the following

vagrant@wpDevBox:~$ cd /var/www/myblog/
vagrant@wpDevBox:/var/www/myblog$ wp core download
Downloading WordPress 4.3.1 (en_US)...
Success: WordPress downloaded.

vagrant@wpDevBox:/var/www/myblog$ wp core config --dbhost=localhost --dbname=wp_myblog --dbuser=root --dbpass=root
Success: Generated wp-config.php file.

vagrant@wpDevBox:/var/www/myblog$ wp db create
Success: Database created.

vagrant@wpDevBox:/var/www/myblog$ wp core install --url=http://myblog.local --title=MyBlog --admin_user=yourName --admin_password=yourPasswaord --admin_email=youremailid@gmail.com
sh: 1: /usr/sbin/sendmail: not found
Success: WordPress installed successfully.

boy..this was the longest how to post of mine

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